PALAPA OATH – SUMPAH PALAPA
The Palapa oath (Indonesian: Sumpah Palapa) was an oath taken by Gajah Mada, a 14th-century Prime Minister of the Javanese Majapahit Empire described in the Pararaton (Book of Kings). In this oath Gajah Mada swore that he would not taste any spice, as long as he had not succeeded in unifying Nusantara (the Indonesian archipelago). The oath was taken during his inauguration as Majapahit Amangkubhumi (Prime Minister) that took place in 1256 Saka (1334) or 1258 Saka
I wrote this music when I remembered our great Minister in the past and respect to him for great spirit
THE END OF MAJAPAHIT EMPIRE – senja kala ning majapahit
The Nagarakretagama or Nagarakṛtāgama, also known as Desawarnana or Deśavarṇana, is an Old Javanese eulogy to Hayam Wuruk, a Javanese king of the Majapahit Empire. It was written on lontar as a kakawin by Mpu Prapanca in 1365 (1287 Saka year). The Nagarakretagama contains detailed descriptions of the Majapahit Empire during its greatest extent. The poem affirms the importance of Hindu–Buddhism in the Majapahit empire by describing temples and palaces and several ceremonial observances.
soldiers from Mataram
The Siege of Batavia was a military campaign led by Sultan Agung of Mataram to capture the Dutch port-settlement of Batavia in Java. The first attempt was launched in 1628, and the second in 1629; both were unsuccessful. Jan Pieterszoon Coen, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, managed to repel the sieges and beat off all of Sultan Agung’s attacks..
On August 25, 1628, the vanguard of Agung‘s navy arrived in Batavia. The Mataram naval armada brought extensive amount of supplies, including 150 cattle, 5,900 sacks of sugar, 26,600 coconuts and 12,000 sacks of rice. As a ruse de guerre they initially asked for permission to land in Batavia to trade, however the size of the Mataram fleet caused the Dutch to be suspicious. The next day the Dutch allowed the cattle to be delivered, with the condition that only one Mataram ship at a time may dock. One hundred armed guards watched the landing from Batavia Castle.
Battle of Bubat
The Battle of Bubat also known as Pasunda Bubat is the battle between the Sundanese royal family and Majapahit army that took place in Bubat square on the northern part of Trowulan (Majapahit capital city) in 1279 Saka or 1357 CE.
The historical account of Pasunda Bubat is mentioned in Carita Parahyangan (16th century) and Pararaton (15th century), but not found in the Nagarakretagama (14th century), while the story of the battle of Bubat is the main theme of the Balinese manuscript Kidung Sunda (c. mid 16th century).
The Battle of Bubat was mentioned in a segment of the 15th century Javanese chronicle of Pararaton. The author of this manuscript is unknown, composed in the form of chronicles around 1474-1486, while the literary part was composed as history between 1500-1613. This manuscript was first published J.L.A. Brandes, a Dutch philologist, in 1896, complete with translations, notes, and comments.
Hidden knight – Satrio Piningit
Satrio Piningit (Gedrik Javanese: Satriå Pininģit, Javanese Hanacaraka: ꦱꦠꦿꦶꦪꦺꦴꦥꦶꦤꦶꦔꦶꦠ꧀; meaning “Solitude Knight / Solitude Kshatriya“) or also called Ratu Adil (Javanese Hanacaraka: ꦫꦠꦸꦄꦢꦶꦭ꧀, Indonesian: Raja yang Adil; meaning “King of Justice”) is a Javanese apocalyptic main character of Jongko Joyobhoyo (Jayabaya Prophecies) in Javanese myths by which considered as one who would become a Great Leader of Nusantara (modern-day Indonesia) and ruling the world from Java. In other traditions around the world, Satrio Piningit has a similar other apocalyptic characters as Messiah (Judaism and Christianity), Maitreya (Buddhism), or related to Imam Mahdi prophecy in Islam.