PALAPA OATH – SUMPAH PALAPA
The Palapa oath (Indonesian: Sumpah Palapa) was an oath taken by Gajah Mada, a 14th-century Prime Minister of the Javanese Majapahit Empire described in the Pararaton (Book of Kings). In this oath Gajah Mada swore that he would not taste any spice, as long as he had not succeeded in unifying Nusantara (the Indonesian archipelago). The oath was taken during his inauguration as Majapahit Amangkubhumi (Prime Minister) that took place in 1256 Saka (1334) or 1258 Saka
I wrote this music when I remembered our great Minister in the past and respect to him for great spirit
THE END OF MAJAPAHIT EMPIRE – senja kala ning majapahit
The Nagarakretagama or Nagarakṛtāgama, also known as Desawarnana or Deśavarṇana, is an Old Javanese eulogy to Hayam Wuruk, a Javanese king of the Majapahit Empire. It was written on lontar as a kakawin by Mpu Prapanca in 1365 (1287 Saka year). The Nagarakretagama contains detailed descriptions of the Majapahit Empire during its greatest extent. The poem affirms the importance of Hindu–Buddhism in the Majapahit empire by describing temples and palaces and several ceremonial observances.
soldiers from Mataram
The Siege of Batavia was a military campaign led by Sultan Agung of Mataram to capture the Dutch port-settlement of Batavia in Java. The first attempt was launched in 1628, and the second in 1629; both were unsuccessful. Jan Pieterszoon Coen, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, managed to repel the sieges and beat off all of Sultan Agung’s attacks..
On August 25, 1628, the vanguard of Agung‘s navy arrived in Batavia. The Mataram naval armada brought extensive amount of supplies, including 150 cattle, 5,900 sacks of sugar, 26,600 coconuts and 12,000 sacks of rice. As a ruse de guerre they initially asked for permission to land in Batavia to trade, however the size of the Mataram fleet caused the Dutch to be suspicious. The next day the Dutch allowed the cattle to be delivered, with the condition that only one Mataram ship at a time may dock. One hundred armed guards watched the landing from Batavia Castle.
Battle of Bubat
The Battle of Bubat also known as Pasunda Bubat is the battle between the Sundanese royal family and Majapahit army that took place in Bubat square on the northern part of Trowulan (Majapahit capital city) in 1279 Saka or 1357 CE.
The historical account of Pasunda Bubat is mentioned in Carita Parahyangan (16th century) and Pararaton (15th century), but not found in the Nagarakretagama (14th century), while the story of the battle of Bubat is the main theme of the Balinese manuscript Kidung Sunda (c. mid 16th century).
The Battle of Bubat was mentioned in a segment of the 15th century Javanese chronicle of Pararaton. The author of this manuscript is unknown, composed in the form of chronicles around 1474-1486, while the literary part was composed as history between 1500-1613. This manuscript was first published J.L.A. Brandes, a Dutch philologist, in 1896, complete with translations, notes, and comments.
Hidden knight – Satrio Piningit
Satrio Piningit (Gedrik Javanese: Satriå Pininģit, Javanese Hanacaraka: ꦱꦠꦿꦶꦪꦺꦴꦥꦶꦤꦶꦔꦶꦠ꧀; meaning “Solitude Knight / Solitude Kshatriya“) or also called Ratu Adil (Javanese Hanacaraka: ꦫꦠꦸꦄꦢꦶꦭ꧀, Indonesian: Raja yang Adil; meaning “King of Justice”) is a Javanese apocalyptic main character of Jongko Joyobhoyo (Jayabaya Prophecies) in Javanese myths by which considered as one who would become a Great Leader of Nusantara (modern-day Indonesia) and ruling the world from Java. In other traditions around the world, Satrio Piningit has a similar other apocalyptic characters as Messiah (Judaism and Christianity), Maitreya (Buddhism), or related to Imam Mahdi prophecy in Islam.
Once upon time in Mataram
Mataram, large kingdom in Java that lasted from the late 16th century to the 18th century, when the Dutch came to power in Indonesia. Mataram was originally a vassal of Pajang, but it became powerful under Senapati (later known as Adiwijoyo), who defeated Pajang and became the first king of Mataram. Senapati attempted to unite eastern and central Java without much success.
In the early years of Sultan Agung’s reign, he consolidated the sultanate by subduing the autonomous trade-based coastal states of Padang and Tuban in 1619; Banjermasin, Kalimantan, and Sukadana in 1622; Madura in 1624; and Surabaya in 1625. Because the country’s economy was based on agriculture, Agung, who was openly contemptuous of trade, maintained no significant naval forces. Dutch troops had conquered Jacatra (now Jakarta) in 1619 and established there a base they named Batavia. In 1629 the sultan’s forces attacked the city in an effort to drive out the Europeans, but superior Dutch naval forces maintained the Dutch position. This was the last major threat to the Dutch position in Java until after World War II.
Demak Sultanate was founded by Raden Patah in 1478. Previously, this sultanate was vazal ducal from Majapahit kingdom, and was noted as the pioneer of Islamic Proselytism in Javanese Island and Indonesia in general. Demak Sultanate did not last for long and immediately experienced throwback because of power struggle among the kingdom relatives. In 1568, the authority of Demak Sultanate was transfered to Pajang Sultanate which was founded by jaka Tingkir. One of historical herritages of Demak t is the Great
reach a polical power. Moreover, the emerge of Demak Kingdom was also accelerated with the weakening of Majapahit Kingdom as the result of rebellion and war of power struggle within the kings relatives (Poesponegoro, 1984). As the first Islamic kingdom in Javanese Island, Demak Kingdom had a big role in the Islamization process at that time. Demak kingdom developed as the commerce centre and Islamic Proselytism. The territory of Demak includes Jepara, Tuban, Sedayu Palembang, Jambi and some areas in Kalimantan. Besides, Demak Kingdom also has important harbors such as Jepara, Tuban, Sedayu, Jaratan and Gresik that developed into transito harbor. During the administration of Raden Fatah, it was built Demak mosque which the building process was helped by wali or sunan. Raden Patah was the first king of Demak Kingdom. He conquered Majapahit kingdom and moved all ceremonial objects and heirlooms of Majapahit to Demak. The aim was to make the Majapahit kingdom symbols were reflected in Demak Kingdom. When Malacca Kingdom fell into Portuegese in 1511 AD, the relationship between Demak and Malacca was broken. Demak Kingdom felt to be disadvantaged by Portugese in their trading activity. Therefore, in 1513 AD Raden Fatah ordered Unu Duke to lead Demak troops to attact Portuguesees in malacca. That attact had not been succeceded because Portugeese troops were far stronger and their weaponry was complete. On their effort, Unus Duke obtained epithet aas The Prince of Sabrang Lor.
THE EMERGENCE AND DEVELOPMENT HISTORY OF DEMAK BINTORO KINGDOM – M. Nur Rokhman, Lia Yuliana, and Zulkarnain4
LOVE OF THE KING
Hayam Wuruk, king of Majapahit decided — probably for political reasons — to take princess Citra Rashmi (also known as Pitaloka) as his spouse. She was a daughter of Prabu Maharaja Lingga Buana of the Sunda Kingdom. Tradition describes her as a girl of extraordinary beauty. Patih Madhu, a matchmaker from Majapahit was sent to the kingdom to ask for her hand in royal marriage. Delighted by the proposal and seeing the opportunity to foster an alliance with Majapahit, the mightiest kingdom in the region, the king of Sunda gave his blessing and decided to accompany his daughter to Majapahit for the wedding.
In 1357 the Sunda king and the royal family arrived in Majapahit after sailing across the Java Sea by Jung Sasana ships, landed at Hujung Galuh port, sailed inland through Brantas River and arrived at the port of Canggu. The royal party then encamped on Bubat square in the northern part of Trowulan, capital city of Majapahit, and awaited the wedding ceremony. However Gajah Mada, the Majapahit prime minister saw the event as an opportunity to demand Sunda’s submission to Majapahit overlordship, and insisted that instead of becoming queen of Majapahit, the princess was to be presented as a token of submission and treated as a mere concubine of the Majapahit king. The Sunda king was angered and humiliated by Gajah Mada’s demand. Humiliated, the Sunda party decided to go back home and cancelling the royal wedding,